There are many distinguished scientists whose names are linked to the center’s history that created schools of science, and pioneered areas of research, that are well-known and recognized both in the country and around the world, one of them is the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya.
The main scope of the center’s activities includes solving fundamental problems in epidemiology, medical and molecular microbiology, and infectious disease immunology. These studies focus specifically on the general and specific regularities inherent in the spread and epidemic manifestation of infectious diseases; the structure and dynamics of infectious diseases pathology among the population; the occurrence, functioning, and epidemic manifestation of natural foci for human diseases; the genetics, molecular biology, environments, and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms; the problems involved in general and infectious disease immunology, including immunoregulation and immune system correction; the methods and equipment used in diagnostic work and preventing infectious diseases; biotechnology; nanotechnology.
The center is the country’s base organization that addresses the issues that face the Microbiology Scientific Council for Systemic Problems, which coordinates the scientific activities performed by institutes and specialized institutions, and execute scientific research programs on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and hospital-acquired infections, natural-focal human diseases, medical microbiology, genetics and molecular bacterial biology, and theoretical and applied infectious disease immunology.
There are 9 Russian Ministry of Health Centers (these deal with rickettsiosis, leptospirosis, brucellosis, tularemia, legionellosis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, clostridia, and borreliosis) that operate as part of the research center; most of them are the only specialized medical laboratories in Russia that have their respective profiles.
The center is involved in productive international cooperation in various areas of science. Three research programs are being executed jointly with scientists, and major scientific centers, located abroad. Joint technological developments are made in the context of the pressing issues that face medical biological sciences.
Up until recently, on the premises of the institute’s laboratories, WHO Cooperative Centers were doing work on rickettsioses and legionelloses.
Over the past few years, the center has been invited to participate in the following federal-level, regional, and agency targeted programs for scientific research: “The Health of Russia”; Viral Infections”; “National Priorities for Medicine and Healthcare”; “New Medicinal Products”; “The Infectious Aspects of Early Infant Mortality” (Russian Federation Ministry of Health); “Vaccine Prophylaxis” (Russian Federation Ministry of Health); “Preventing and Combating Social Diseases” (Russian Federation Ministry of Health); "Antihepatitis"; “AIDS” (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences); "Molpolydiagnost (international)” (Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Science); “New-Generation Vaccines and Medical Diagnostic Systems of the Future” (Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Science); “Research and Developments for High-Priority Areas to Develop Science and Equipment in the Russian Federation” (Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Science); “Security for Moscow” (Moscow Main Center for State Sanitary and Epidemiological Oversight (Special-Purpose); “Research and Developments for High-Priority Areas to Develop Science and Technology Systems in Russia from 2007-2013” (Russian Federation Ministry of Education and Science); “Scientific and Scientific Teaching Personnel for an Innovative Russia from 2009-2013” (Russian Federation Ministry of Education and Science); “Developing the Pharmaceutical and Medical Industries in the Russian Federation for the Time Period up to 2020 and Over the Long Term” (Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Trade). Fundamental research is supported by 6 grants from the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, and by 4 Russian Federation presidential grants to provide government support. Certain individual technological developments are given financing by central and regional Rossanepidnadzor agencies.
The center’s Scientific Council demonstrates extensive activity; the makeup of this council includes 79 leading specialists from industry-specific areas of activity. At the meetings held by the Scientific Council, people listen to various scientific reports on the current problems facing modern biomedical science, debate the most important research results, talk about long-term planning issues, department structures, and staffing, and define the high-priority areas for scientific research.
The center trains highly-qualified scientific personnel for Russia as well as near and far-abroad countries.
People attend graduate school and do postdoctoral work in 4 specialties: epidemiology, microbiology, clinical immunology, allergology, and virology. From 20-25 people study in graduate school; allocation is industry-specific, and is awarded on a competitive and contractual basis.
On the center’s premises, a Department of Infectious Diseases and Virology at I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University is in operation.
During the period from 1999 to 2013, 23 doctoral and 122 Ph.D. (candidate of science) dissertations were defended at the center’s Dissertation Councils.
The Council for the Implementation of Promising Scientific Developments in Healthcare Practice and Mass Production studies scientific developments intended for use in practical healthcare, by the state's sanitary and epidemiological supervision services, and in scientific research. During the period from 1999 to 2013, 95 editions of methodological recommendations, guidelines and manuals were prepared and approved at various levels by the staff of the center. Some 42 applications for inventions were submitted. Some 48 patents were obtained.
The center maintains a professional staff with powerful scientific potential. Among its staff are three academicians and five corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 44 professors, 91 doctors of science, 234 candidates of science.
During the period 1999-2013 the center’s staff published 71 monographs, textbooks and manuals, and 3,416 scientific articles, of which 691 were published abroad.
The Science Library of N. F. Gamaleya National Research Center is an independent subdivision conducting reference, bibliographic and informational work. It contains about 300,000 storage units – individual scientific publications, abstracts and dissertations, reprints of articles.
The alphabetical and subject catalogs, a thematic catalog in various fields of scientific knowledge are maintained and constantly updated. Reference logs of Russian and foreign journals, abstracts and dissertations, reprints of scientific articles, methodological materials, works of the center's employees are kept.
The subscription periodicals include 19 domestic scientific and medical journals on the main areas of the center specialization. Among them: Antibiotics, Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Questions of Virology, Genetics, Journal of Microbiology, Epidemiology and Immunobiology, Immunology, Clinical laboratory diagnostics, Clinical microbiology and antimicrobial chemotherapy, Medical parasitology and parasitic diseases, Microbiology, Molecular biology, Molecular genetics, microbiology and virology, Advances in modern biology, Epidemiology and infectious diseases.
The library receives 8 foreign scientific periodicals on an ongoing basis:
Applied and Environmental Microbiology,
Clinical Microbiology Reviews,
Emerging Infectious Diseases,
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology,
Infection and Immunity,
J. Clinical Microbiology,
Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews.
The head of the Science Library – E.A. Postrash.